A Brief History of the Prophets Life
Wednesday , 12/16/2015 - 04:43
هفته وحدت

The oldest and noblest tribe in the whole of Arabia was Banu Hashim.
They were the descendants of Ibrahim through his son Isma"il. The
Arabs respected and loved them for their goodness, knowledge and


Abd al-Muttalib was the chieftain of Banu Hashim and he was also the
Guardian of the Ka"bah. Among his ten sons, "Abdullah was the father
of the Holy Prophet.

In Mecca, baby boy muhammad was born on 17th Rabi" al-Awwal, 570
AD.His father "Abdullah, son of "Abd al-Muttalib, died before he was
born and when he was six, he lost his loving mother Aminah bint
Wahab.His Grandfather, "Abd al-Muttalib, took the responsibility of
bringing up the orphan. At the age of ten, he was berefted of his
venerable grandfather.On his deathbed, he appointed his son Abu Talib
as the guardian of muhammad.Gentle, soft spoken, tall and handsome
boy, muhammad, accompanied the trading caravans of Abu Talib, across
the deserts, giving him deep insight into nature and man.


The wealthy noble widowed lady Khadijah, looking for a manager for
her rich merchantile caravans, selects muhammad, the Trustee. Able and
fair dealing,muhammad is a tremendous success. Khadijah already an
admirer, made him an offer of marriage. muhammad was twenty five and
Khadijah forty. In spite of this disparity in age, the marriage proved
to be a very happy one.


Lover of nature and quite worrried about human sufferings, muhammad
very often retired to Mount Hira" for meditations. One night, Laylat
al-Qadr (the Night of Majesty) a voice addressing him, commanded
"Recite in the name of thy Lord." Deeply excited by the strange
phenomena of Divine Visitation,muhammad hurried home to his wife,
Khadijah, who listened to him attentively and said that "I bear
witness that you are the Apostle of God." After an interval, the voice
from heaven spoke again "O thou shrouded in thy mantle, arise, and
warn, and magnify thy Lord."

This was a signal for him to start preaching the gospel of truth of
One God. In the beginning muhammad invited only those near him, to
accept the new Faith. The first to embrace Islam among women was
Khadijah and among men "Ali. Soon after, Zayd ibn al-Harithah became a
convert to the new Faith.

For three long years, he laboured quietly to wean his people from the
worship of idols and drew only thirty followers. muhammad then decided
to appeal publicly to the Quraysh to give up idol worship and embrace
Islam.The new Faith, is simple without complications, practical and
useful for everyday life. It commands to believe and do good, keep up
prayer and pay the poorrate, two orders giving four principles of a
successful way of life.Almost ten years of hard work and preaching, in
spite of all persecution,produced over a hundred followers, physical
cruelties and social boycott made life unbearable in Mecca. The Holy
Prophet of Islam advised his followers, to seek refuge in the to seek
refuge in the neighbouring country of Ethiopia. Eighty eight men and
eighteen women sailed to the hospitable shores of the Negus, under the
leadership of Ja"far at-Tayyar (brother of "Ali) and the cousin of the
Holy Prophet.

several times the chieftains came to Abu Talib saying, "We respect
your age and rank, but we have no further patience with your nephew.
Stop him or we shall fight you." Abu Talib asked muhammad for his
decision.With tears in his eyes, the Apostle firmly replied, "O my
uncle! If they place the sun on my right hand and the moon on my left,
to force me to renounce my mission, I will not desist until God
manifests His cause or I perish in the attempt."


In a period of troubles, trials and tribulations two major tragedies
afflicted muhammad. First the venerable guardian uncle Abu Talib died
and shortly afterwards his noble wife Khadijah died, leaving behind
her daughter Fatimah (peace be on her) - the only child she had from
the Holy Prophet - the daughter who looked after her father so much so
that the prophet called her Umm Abiha (the mother of her father).


With the death of the old patriarch Abu Talib, the Meccans planned to
assassinate the prophet. Under Divine guidance, he asked "Ali to sleep
in his bed and muhammad put his green garment on "Ali. While the
murderes mistook "Ali for muhammad, the Holy Prophet of Islam escaped
to Medina.

The Muslim era of Hijrah (Emigration) is named after this incident and
dated from 17th Rabi" al-Awwwal, 622 AD.

From the time he came to Medina, he was the grandest figure upon whom
the light of history has ever shone. We shall now see him as the King
of men, the ruler of human hearts, chief law-giver and supreme
judge.The Preacher who went without bread, was mightier than the
mightiest sovereigns of the earth. No emperor with his tiaras was
obeyed, as this man in a cloak of his own clothing.

He laid the foundation of the Muslim commonwealth and drew up a
charter which has been acknowledged as the work of highest
statemanship, a master-mind not only of his age, but of all ages.

Unlike the Arabs, the Prophet, had never wielded a weapon, but now he
was forced to defend Islam by force of arms. Commencing from the
battle of Badr,a series of eighty battles had to be fought, which the
infant commmunity defended successfully.


Next year, Abu Sufyan, the famous long-lived enemy of Islam, again
attacked the Muslims at Uhud. Hamzah, the first flag-bearer of Islam
and uncle of the Prophet, was killed in action. In spite of strict
instructions from the Prophet, a few Muslim soldiers deserted their
post,when victory was in sight. This changed the course of the battle.
Khalid ibn al-Walid attacked the Prophet and the grave situation was
saved by the timely arrival of "Ali. The enemies ran away and the
issue was decided. muhammad was deeply grieved at the death of Hamzah.


The Muslims had been in self exile for six years and began to feel a
keen yearning for their homeland, Mecca. The Prophet desired to
perform a pilgrimage to Ka"bah. When he forsook his home town he was
weak, but when he wanted to return, he was strong. He did not use his
strength to force an entry into the sacred city. Finding the Quraysh
hostile, muhammad entered into a treaty Known as the Peace of
Hudaybiyyah, appearing not very advantageous to the Muslims, but which
revealed the Islamic character of moderation and magnanimity. For the
strong to excercise restraint and toleration is true courage. Having
reached upto the door of their birth place with hearts over-flowing
with impatient longing to enter it, the Muslims retraced their steps
peacefully to Medina, under the terms of the treaty, which allowed
them to perform the pilgrimage next year.


In The 8th year AH, the idolators violated the peace of Hudaybiyyah
by attacking the Muslims. The enemies were defeated and Mecca was
conquered.The Prophet who fled from Mecca as a fugitive, now returned
home as a mighty conqueror. The Rahmatun lil "Alamin (mercy unto all
beings, i.e., the Prophet) entered the city with his head bowed low in
thankfulness to the Almighty (Allah) and ordered a general amnesty,
instead of the mass massacre of those who persecuted him and his


A great number of Muslim soldiers were killed in battles at Badr,
Uhud,Khaybar, Hunayn and other places, leaving behind young wives and
children. The serious problem of taking care of the widows and
orphans, threatened to break up the moral fabric of the Muslim
Society. muhammad decided to marry these widows and set an example for
his followers to do likewise.


Under the Divine intuition of his approaching end, muhammad prepared
to make the farewell pilgrimage to Mecca.Before completing all the
ceremonies of Hajj, he addressed a huge multitude from the top of
mount "Arafat on 8th Dhi al-hijjah, 11 AH,in words which shall ever
ring and live in the atmosphere.

After finishing the hajj the Holy Prophet started for Medina. On his
way, at Ghadir Khumm the Voice from Heaven cried: "O Apostle! deliver
what has been revealed to you from your Lord; and if you do it not,
then you have not delivered His message and Allah will protect you
from the people, surely Allah will not guide the unbelieving people.
(5:67) muhammad immediately ordered Bilal to recall the Muslims, who
had gone ahead,who were behind and who were proceeding to their homes
at the junction, to assemble. The famous Sunni mutakallim and
commentator, Fakhr ad-Din ar-Razi in his At-Tafsir al-Kabir, vol. 12,
pp. 49-50, writes that the Prophet took "Ali by the hand and said:
"Whoever whose mawla (master) I am, "Ali is his master. O Allah! Love
him who loves "Ali, and be the enemy of the enemy of "Ali; help him
who helps "Ali, and forsake him who forsakes "Ali."


On muhammad"s return to Medina, he got busy settling the organization
of the provinces and the tribes which had adopted Islam. His strength
rapidly failed and the poison (administered at Khaybar by a Jewess)
took its deadly toll. So ended the life dedicated to the service of
God and humanity from first to last, on 28th Safar, 11 AH.

The humble Preacher had risen to be the ruler of Arabia. The Prophet
of Islam not only inspired reverence, but love owing to his
humility,nobility, purity, austerity, refinement and devotion to duty.

The Master inspired all who came into contact with him. He shared his
scanty food; he began his meals in the Name of Allah and finished them
uttering thanks;he loved the poor and respected them; he would visit
the sick and comfort the heart broken; he treated his bitterest
enemies with clemency and forbearance,but the offenders against
society were administered justice; his intellectual mind was
remarkably progressive and he said that man could not exist without
contant efforts.

There is no god but One God and muhammad is the Apostle of God, peace
and blessings of Allah be upon him and his descendants.

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