Imam Sadiq (AS), founder of the school of Shiism
Friday , 06/04/2021 - 12:38
Imam Sadiq (AS), founder of the school of Shiism
Imam Jafar Sadiq (AS) was born on the 17th of Rabiul Awal, 83 AH, in the city of Medina. He has the same birth date as that of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (pbuh). Imam Jafar Sadiq (AS) has three titles: As-Sadiq, Al-Fadil and At-Tahir. His most famous title was “Sadiq” because he never opened his mouth unless for truth.

Imam Sadiq (AS) possessed a vast knowledge, wisdom and sense of justice. He founded an Islamic school and trained many students who played special roles in the history of Islamic and general sciences.
Imam Sadiq (AS) promoted the Islamic sciences including the Islamic jurisprudence, theology, interpretation and ethics. In addition to the Islamic sciences, the Imam was conversant with the medicine, chemistry, algebra and many other techniques. Amongst his students, we can name Muhammad ibn Moslem Saqafee Kufie, Zorareh ibn Sheibanie Kufie, Homran ibn A'ayon Sheibanie, Abdullah ibn Kufie, Jamil ibn Dorraje, Hosham ibn Hakam, Ali ibn Ja’far, and many others.
Among the Shiite Imams, because of his struggle for the promotion of this holy religion, Imam Sadiq (AS) was entitled to the founder of the school of Shiism.
The Imam’s life was coincided with the Umayyad rule for 50 years, so for a long time he was the witness of Islamic Ummah’s disasters by the Umayyad rulers. His life was also coincided with the collapse of Umayyad rule, the beginning of Abbasid rule and Abu Moslem Khorasani’s uprising.
The martyrdom of Imam Sadiq (AS) occurred ten years into Mansur of Abbasid caliph.
During the imamate of the sixth Imam, greater possibilities and a more favorable climate existed for him to promote and publicize religious teachings. The greater opportunities for Shiite teachings were also a result of the favorable ground the fifth Imam had prepared during the twenty years of his Imamate. The Imam took advantage of the occasion to publicize the religious sciences until the very end of his Imamate, which was contemporary with the end of the Umayyad and beginning of the Abbasid caliphates. The number of traditions preserved from the fifth and sixth Imams is more than all the hadiths, that have been recorded from the Prophet (pbuh) and the other ten Imams combined.
Toward the end of his life the Imam was subjected to severe restrictions placed upon him by the Abbasid caliph Mansur, who ordered such torture and merciless killing of many of the descendants of the Prophet (pbuh) who were Shiite that his actions even surpassed the cruelty and heedlessness of the Umayyad. At his order they were arrested in groups, some thrown into deep and dark prisons and tortured until they died, while others were beheaded or buried alive or placed at the base of or between walls of buildings. Hisham, the Umayyad caliph, had ordered the sixth Imam to be arrested and brought to Damascus. Later, the Imam (AS) was arrested by Saffah, the Abbasid caliph, and brought to Iraq. Finally, Mansur had him arrested again and brought to Samarra where he had the Imam (pbuh) kept under supervision, was in every way harsh and discourteous to him, and several times thought of killing him. Eventually the Imam (AS) was allowed to return to Medina where he spent the rest of his life in hiding, until he was poisoned and martyred through the intrigue of Mansur.
Imam Sadiq (AS) was martyred in 148 AH, at the age of 65 and his Imamate period was 34 years. 

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