Mohammad Aref Abbasi known as "Pir Palandouz”

Tuesday , 07/20/2021 - 8:55
Mohammad Aref Abbasi known as "Pir Palandouz”
Sheikh Mohammad Karandehi, known as Aref, was born in Karandeh a village in Khorasan Razavi Province. He lived in the holy city of Mashhad until his demise. Pir Palandouz is the twenty-seventh pole of the Dhahabiya dynasty. The fourth caliph in this dynasty called him Khafaf. Very little information is available on his education and conduct, but from what the fourth caliph wrote about him, it is clear that he did not have literacy in the conventional sense.

Based on his monotheistic belief, trust in God, mentioning thanksgiving, obedience, contentment and self-sacrifice, which are all attributes of mystics, Sheikh Mohammad Aref sought path of knowledge through spending notable times of his life with people of truth and outstanding mystics.
In order to train a successor, he built a monastery that would attract talented people. This monastery existed until the time of Seyyed Qutbuddin Nirizi. In addition to attaining high positions in mysticism, he was proficient in alchemy and calligraphy. Sheikh Mohammad who was one of the mystics of the same period as Sheikh Baha'i was a master in the Sols style of writing. A seven-surah Quran written by him with this style of handwriting is now available. He was nicknamed "Palandouz" because he worked as a pack-saddle maker for making a living. He chose this very simple job despite his high position among people.
Mohammad Aref Abbasi died in 985 AH. The tomb of this great mystic is located in northeast section of Imam Reza holy shrine at the beginning of Navvab Safavi Street. The original building of the tomb belongs to the Safavid era which was built by Sultan Muhammad (known as Khodabandeh), Shah Abbas’ father, in 985 AH and has been rebuilt in recent years by Astan Quds Razavi. It consists of a square building with a dome, and brick-made portico and halls. The exterior view of the building, with pointed arches and tile-works are evidences of fine and interesting arts. The surface of the onion-shaped dome is covered by simple turquoise colored tile-works and intricate patterns of brick-work. The mausoleum of Pir Palandouz attracts thousands of pilgrims of Imam Reza (AS) from early morning until evening.