Ashura, brilliant triumph of truth over falsehood
Thursday , 08/12/2021 - 10:49
Ashura, brilliant triumph of truth over falsehood
Ashura, which literally means the "Tenth" in Arabic, refers to the tenth day of Muharram. The month also marks the anniversary of the battle of Karbala, where Prophet Muhammad's grandson Imam Hussein (AS) was martyred. Muslims remember the massacre on the 10th day, Ashura, when they mourn the martyrdom of Imam Hussein (AS) and his family.

Imam Hussein (AS) is regarded as the "master of martyrs" because he was not just the victim of an ambitious ruler. There is no doubt that the tragedy of Karbala, when ascribed to the killers, is a criminal and terrible act. However when ascribed to Imam Hussein (AS) himself, it represents a conscious confrontation and a courageous resistance for a sacred cause. The whole nation had failed to stand up to Yazid. They had succumbed to his will, and deviation and regression towards the pre-Islamic ways were increasing.
Passiveness by Imam Hussein (AS) in this situation would have meant the end of Islam as we know it. Thus Imam Hussein (AS) took upon himself the responsibility of the whole nation. The greatest tragedy was that one who stood up for the noblest of causes, the defense of Islam, was cut down in so cruel a manner.
It is for this reason that the martyrdom of Imam Hussein (AS) is commemorated annually throughout the Muslim world. Our sorrow never abates as we relive the tragedy. 
The commemoration of Ashura on the 10th of Muharram every year serves to remind us of the sacrifices of the family of the Prophet (pbuh). It also makes us aware of the people, then and now, who tried to destroy Islam and the family of the Prophet (pbuh) and all that they stood for - as well as those who watched, listened and did nothing.
The events of Karbala reflect the collision of the good versus the evil, the virtuous versus the wicked, and the collision of Imam Hussein (AS) (symbol of virtue) versus Yazid (symbol of impiety). Imam Hussein (AS) was a revolutionary person, a righteous man, the religious authority, the Imam of the Muslim Ummah.
As the representative of his grandfather Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), Imam Hussein’s main concern was to safeguard and protect Islam and guide fellow Muslims. On the other hand, the staying power of the rulers (Mu'awiya and his son Yazid) depended solely on the might of the sword. They used brute force to rule over the Muslim empire even by all possible illicit means.
Imam Hussein (AS) as head of Ahl al-Bayt (AS) never recognized Mu'awiya nor his followers. Before him, Imam Ali (AS) had fought battles against Mu'awiya because Mu'awiya continuously violated the Islamic principles. 
When Yazid declared himself as a ruler over the Ummah, he demanded Imam Hussein (AS) allegiance of loyalty. Hussein (AS) on his part flatly rejected Yazid's rule and behavior, for there was no way Yazid could represent Islam, it would be blasphemy. But Yazid, the tyrant ruler, was adamant in his demand, and tension between the two parties increased day by day.
Imam Hussein (AS) was quick to realize that giving allegiance of loyalty to Yazid would serve no purpose but to jeopardize the survival of Islam. To safeguard and protect Islam, therefore, the Imam had no choice but to confront and collide with Yazid's rule irrespective of consequences. Since Yazid had ordered his commanders to seize the Imam's allegiance of loyalty at any cost, even by brutal force, the commanders had to assemble a relatively large army, surrounding Imam Hussein’s camp in a desert called Karbala.
Then they cut off the basic necessities to the camp, including access to water. The camp consisted of Imam Hussein (AS), his family, friends, and companions, all of whom stood fast and firmly with him. These brave people would rather face death for the noble cause of Islam, than submit to the outrageous tyranny and the un-Islamic ways of Yazid.
Thus, Karbala proved to be a clash involving Islamic truths versus falsehood, right versus wrong, belief versus disbelief, and the oppressed versus the oppressor, faith against brute force. Karbala was about standing in the face of oppression, regardless of the cost. Thus, in Karbala, Imam Hussein (AS) the grandson of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), sacrificed his totality and all he had, for one goal.
This goal was to let the truth triumph over falsehood eventually, and he did that brilliantly.
His goal was to foil the plan that Mu'awiya had expertly developed for his son, Yazid, which was to establish a permanent Bani Umayyad rulership over the Muslim Ummah (even by sacrificing the Islamic principles), but doing it in the name of Islam. Brilliantly, Imam Hussein (AS) succeeded in foiling this plan and he exposed the disreputable nature of Bani Umayyad though this was at the expense of his life.