On demise of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), messenger of mercy and peace
It was then that the following Quranic verse was revealed onto the Holy Prophet (pbuh) of Islam.
The Holy Qur'an says:
"This day have I perfected your religion for you, completed My favor upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion." (5:3)
On the 25th of the 10th year of Hijra (Prophet Muhammad's migration from Mecca to Medina in 522 AD) the Prophet (pbuh), accompanied by hosts of Muslims as well as his family members, made a last pilgrimage to Mecca. This last trip to the Holy Ka'ba is known as Hajjatul Vida’ or the `Farewell Pilgrimage', because shortly afterward the Holy Prophet (pbuh) passed away.
Hazrat Muhammad (pbuh) arrived in Mecca on Zulhajjah 4, and circumambulated the Ka'ba on horseback in order to have a complete view of the multitude of pilgrims, among whom was Imam Ali (AS), who had just arrived from Yemen. Upon the completion of the rites and rituals, the pilgrims' caravans set off for Medina.
Some among the pilgrims were not pleased with this declaration and plotted an attempt on the Prophet's life. However, their attempt proved abortive, thanks to the Angel Gabriel who informed the Prophet (pbuh) of the danger.
The long and tiring pilgrimage to Mecca made the Prophet (pbuh) ill, but he recovered his health, though for a short time.
It is narrated that on the night before the Prophet's illness, he paid a visit to Baqi’ Cemetery, to beseech God's Grace for the souls of those buried there. He was then confined to bed due to serious illness at the house of Aishah.
One day, when the Prophet (pbuh) had a high fever, he ordered the pouring of seven Mashks (water-skins) of water, taken from seven different wells, onto his body. When his fever subsided, he went to the mosque to pray to God, the Almighty, beseeching Him to forgive the sins of his companions and those who had helped him and accompanied him in his migration from Mecca to Medina. He told the congregation to do good to their friends, and not to retaliate against their adversaries. "However, if I have wronged anyone, I am ready for requital."
Medina was totally engulfed in confusion and anxiety. The companions of the Prophet had gathered round his house with tearful eyes and grieved hearts. The reports which were pouring out from the house showed that his condition was extremely serious, and there was very little hope of his recovery. This showed that only a few moments of his precious life were left.
The Holy Prophet (pbuh) passed away on the same day, the 28th of Safar, at the age of 63. His Holy body was given a holy ablution by Imam Ali (AS) and Ibn Abbas (the Prophet's uncle) and some near kin. His family cried sadly over his death. People who had seen the Prophet (pbuh) earlier that morning did not believe he was dead.
Following his death, people came and paid their last tribute to the Holy Prophet (pbuh) of Islam. There was a disagreement over the place of the burial, with some saying that the Prophet (pbuh) should be buried inside a mosque, while others said in the Baqi’ Cemetery.
The Holy Prophet made wonderful contributions for the welfare of humanity at large. First, he himself acted upon the Divine Message and then he asked others to follow him.
He established the rights of the people when rights were being usurped; he administered justice when tyranny was rampant everywhere; he introduced equality when undue discrimination was so common; and he gave freedom to the people when they were groaning under oppression, cruelty and injustice.
He brought a message which taught man to obey and fear Allah only, and seek help from Him alone. His universal message covers all the aspects of human life including rights, Ounce, equality and freedom.
This is a message from which the mankind has once more been deprived. Why, then, should we not come again under its patronage so that humanity may be saved from destruction, and may achieve peace, progress and happiness.