Generosity, most imminent attribute of Imam Hassan (AS)
Imam Hassan (AS) was born in the year 3 AH in Medina and shared in the life of the Prophet (pbuh) for somewhat over seven years, growing up during that time under his loving care.
After the death of the Prophet (pbuh) which was no more than three, or according to some, six months earlier than the death of Hadhrat Fatimah, Imam Hassan (AS) was placed directly under the care of his noble father.
Imam Hassan (AS) helped his father throughout his life until Imam Ali (AS) passed away when the Holy Imam was 37 years old. At this age, he became the guardian of the Ahlul Bayt and the Shia. In his well-known will Imam Ali (AS) appointed him as the next Imam.
The martyrdom of Imam Ali (AS) on the 21st of Ramadan marked the beginning of Imam Hassan's Imamate. The Muslims pledged their allegiance to him and finalized the formality of Bay'at or the Oath of Allegiance. No sooner had he taken the reins of leadership in his hands than he had to meet the challenge of Muawiya bin Abu Sufyan, the governor of Syria, who began trying to undermine his authority.
In human perfection Imam Hassan (AS) was reminiscent of his father and a perfect example of his noble grandfather. In fact, as long as the Prophet (pbuh) was alive, he and his brother were always in the company of the Prophet (pbuh) who even sometimes would carry them on his shoulders.
The excellent preparation which was provided for the grandson of the Holy Prophet (pbuh), helped his spiritual entity to sublimate. His closeness to Allah, and his attachment to Him was a source of awe and respect.
All of the rightly guided Imams either received their education directly from the Messenger (pbuh) or indirectly from the preceding Imam.
As for the new questions and developments of life, the sublime, inner entity of the Imam himself, and his boundless spirituality, qualified him for self-acquired knowledge. That is why the Muslim orators dubbed the knowledge of the Imams, from the perspective of the "present knowledge". An Imam wouldn’t need to be tutored or taught by others in this respect. He acquired knowledge by means of direct inspiration.
Maybe the most eminent of Imam Hassan’s attributes is his generosity. He believed that money was only a means to clothe the naked, help the destitute, pay the debts of the indebted, or satisfy the hungry.
One of the Holy Imam's wives was Ju'da binte Ash'ath bin Qays. Muawiya conspired with Ju'da to give the Imam (AS) some poison. In return, she would get 100,000 dirhams and he would marry her to his son Yazid. This evil woman put poison in Imam Hassan's drinking water and he immediately fell gravely ill as a result. After great suffering, the Imam (AS) departed from this world. Just before he died, he entrusted the affairs of Imamate to his brother Imam Hussein (AS) and made him the guardian of his own family.
The Imam (AS) had stated that before he was buried in Baqi’ Cemetery, his body should be taken to the grave of the Holy Prophet (pbuh) for a final visit. When Ju'da came to Muawiya to claim her reward, he gave her the money, but refused to marry her to Yazid, declaring that a woman who could poison one husband would certainly not hesitate to poison another.