The Destrcution of Sacred Dome during History
Friday , 08/10/2012 - 16:07
حرم
Some destructive events happened after gilding the sacred dome of the holy shrine. These events caused extensive damages to the gold work of the sacred dome, including the invasion of the Uzbeks in 997 A.H., in which Abdul Mu'men Khan-i-Uzbek (one of the commanders of the Uzbeks), plundered the precious things and properties of Astan Quds Razavi and pillaged the gold bricks of the sacred dome and Minaret. After this treacherous invasion in 1010 A.H. happened, Shah Abbas І (the monarch of the Safavid dynasty), when traveled on foot from Isfahan to Mashhad, ordered the re-gilding of the sacred dome of the holy shrine. This project was completed in 1016 A.H. and Alireza Abbasi (the distinguished calligrapher of Safavid period) undertook the mission of writing the inscription in embossed "Thulth" script around the middle of the sacred dome of the holy shrine.
Another event that caused damages to the sacred dome was the violent earthquake occurred in Mashhad in 1048 A.H., whereby the outer surface of the sacred dome was broken and its gold bricks collapsed. Shah Suleiman (the monarch of the Safavid dynasty) ordered to rebuild the sacred dome and redecorate it with gold bricks again.
The third event that caused extensive damages to the sacred dome of the holy shrine was the bombardment of the sacred dome by Russian army in 1330 A.H. Russian army bombarded the sacred dome of the holy shrine, making a split of a cone size in some parts of the sacred dome. The traces of shots are still visible from inside the dome.
The thin golden layer of the surface of the sacred dome wore away in the course of time and also due to the above-mentioned causes. This prompted Astan Quds Razavi to decide on the renovation and redecoration of the sacred dome of the holy shrine after the glorious victory of the Islamic Revolution.
For this, the old bricks over the surface of the sacred dome were removed at the outset, and then, its surface was covered with concrete. After this project, the gold-coated copper bricks were applied on the sacred dome for decoration. These golden bricks have covered an area of about 700 sqms of the surface around the sacred dome.
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