From Yusufiyah School to Dar Al-Quran Al-Karim
Saturday , 03/18/2017 - 12:44
مدرسه یوسفیه‎
If you have attended the pilgrimage from the overhead of Imam Reza (A.S.), surly you went to the Jumhuri Courtyard, and you have seen the courtyard, which has been built after the victory of the Islamic Revolution.
From the gates of the courtyard, when you stand across the steel window and you greet, you can see other blue domes‌ beside the golden dome with a little care.
Of course, we do not mean Goharshad Courtyard turquoise dome, but a dome between Goharshad Mosque dome and the main dome, which belongs to Two–Door School. The dome in this photograph that is well evident.
Fatima Jahanpour, researcher of existing documents and endowment papers on old schools, in her book entitled “Maktab Khaneh and old schools of Astan Quds Razavi”, which is published by the efforts of the Organization of Libraries, Museums and Documents Center of Astan Quds Razavi, about the school has written:
“"From the distant past, in the vicinity of the Holy Shrine of Imam Reza (A.S.), there were two types of training centers; Maktab Khaneh that was for education of children and was like today’s primary and elementary schools; and the other one seminary schools, in where education was specialized and involved higher stages ...”
Through studies on existing documents in the Documents Center of Astan Quds Razavi, we can infer that a total of three Maktab Khaneh were established in the Holy Shrine of Imam Reza (A.S.), the oldest of which was children Maktab Khaneh in the Atiq Courtyard. However, later (1305 AH), the government decided, due to the unsanitary conditions in Maktab Khaneh, and their false principles of education, shut them off and instead set up public schools.
Following the decision, Astan Quds Razavi, by income from endowments related to Maktab Khaneh, founded a school and moved the children there.
By this introduction, we now go over the Two–Door School, a school from Shahrokh era, which is built by Ghiyas al-din Yusuf Khaje Bahadur, one of the important figures of Khorasan province. The building, in terms of beauty and tiling work, and paintings, has been constructed in a stunning manner. The elegant example of architectural brick scratching style in the Timurid era by Ghiyas al-din in 1439, is built at the same time as the construction of Goharshad Mosque for study of seminary students, and for a while in the name of its original founder, was called “Youssef Khaje” or “Yusufiyah”, and then because of the two entrances in the East and West of the school, became known as Two–Door School.
The school has two domes. In the south side and between the domes, there is a gravestone, with the date 846 AH/1442 belonging to Khaje Bahadur. Mahdi Seyyedi, one of Khorasan famous historians, believes that the school and its graves belong to the Emir Sheikh Ali Bahadur's family.
Today, this space has become known as Dar Al-Quran Al-Karim. It is an area of​​ 500 square meters in two floors and includes 32 rooms. The school is now located in the center of the places and houses of Razavi Holy Shrine, which has been repaired by the order of the Grand Custodian of Astan Quds Razavi. Two–Door School space, since 2003, for teaching Quranic Sciences and Traditions is given to the Office of Quranic Sciences and Tradition, and currently, circles of fondness with Holy Quran, and educational programs of the department are being held at this location.
The picture that turned into a pretext for the explanation, was a photograph by Mohammad Sa’ane in 1974, which is kept in the Management of Documents and Media of Astan Quds Razavi.
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