The Condition of Holy Shrine in Beginning Years

Saturday , 02/20/2016 - 16:30
حرم امام رضا
Mashhad is an Arabic word. This word has several meanings in dictionaries, some of which are as follows: the place of meeting, the place for pilgrimage, a spectacular place, etc. However, among people, it has been known as the place for martyrdom.
This city, which was the last home of the Eighth Imam of Shi'ite Muslims, was a village with a very pleasant climate called "Sanabad" situated at a distance of about 24 km from Tus city- the capital of Khurasan province.
Humaid ibn Qahtabah Tai, appointed by Mansur and Mahdi Abbasi (two caliphs of Abbasid dynasty) as the ruler of Khurasan, constructed and erected a magnificent castle and a very green garden in this region in order to give comfortable services (resting and residential facilities) to the Abbasids' caliphs who traveled to Khurasan from Baghdad.
The village of Sanabad developed into a large city, due to the burial of the holy body of Imam Reza (A.S.) in Mashhad in 203A.H./818A.D. The name of this city later changed into "Mashhad-al-Reza". In fact, the main part and center of the city was established in that year. Since then the central core of the city (present Mashhad) formed.
At the present time, Mashhad with an area of about 27,478 square kilometers has been placed in the north east of Khurasan province. Due to the pilgrimage and the tourist, commercial and agricultural position of Mashhad as well as the influx of immigrants to this city, the population is ever increasing and changing. The urban and rural population of this city has exceeded 2,300,000 people, and more than 20 million pilgrims and tourists visit the city each year.