A Glance at the Museum of Astan Quds Razavi Artifact Gallery,
A Civilization Dormant among the Potteries
Wednesday , 10/10/2018 - 16:54
museum, collection, pottery, artifact, gallery, 2018
The Eighth Shia Imam’s establishment, in addition to providing pilgrimage opportunities is the host to unique libraries as well as many attractions for the treck of domestic and foreign tourists, old and historic collections and exquisite works in the form of museums.
The Eighth Shia Imam’s establishment, in addition to providing pilgrimage opportunities is the host to unique libraries as well as many attractions for the treck of domestic and foreign tourists, old and historic collections and exquisite works in the form of museums.
Museum of Astan Quds Razavi includes the galleries of Qur’an, carpets and textiles, astronomy and clock, weapons, stamps, bank notes and numismatics, medals, Mashhad’s history, paintings, oyster, snails and aquatic life, stone and pottery galleries, the gifts of the Supreme Leader, the National Museum of Malek and the Museum of Anthropology. The gallery of the artifacts is also one of the collections of the Astan Quds Razavi Museum, which has been exhibited to the public for its distinctive historical pottery wares.
Works Dating Back to BC
Abdul Hossein Malek Ja’farian, the curator of the artifact gallery of Astan Quds Razavi, mentions the date of some of the artifacts kept in the gallery to the second millennium BC. He also points to some of these artifacts, belonging to the Iron Age (500 BC to 1500 BC), the historical period of the rule of the Medes to the Sassanids, the Islamic Period, the Ilkhani, Timurid and Safavid that the historical course of these artifacts ends with Afsharid. Malek Ja’farian, referred to the donation of a portion of the artifacts and continued, “Some of these rare works have been discovered and collected after the excavations around the Razavi Holy Shrine, representing the history and culture of the people of Mashhad in the distant past. Donated dishes have been dedicated to the Museum of Imam Reza (A.S.) as ancient epigraphic objects or a beautiful piece of art by donators from around the country.” The custodian of this gallery introduced the bowl of burial, vat, canteen, fish bowl, jar, grail, flower pot, candlestick and rosewater sprinkler, among some of the pottery wares, whose particular utilization in people’s lives indicates the presence of different ethnicities with various cultures and specific lifestyle of people in the region.”
Water Clock Pottery Ware 
He introduced the water clock pottery ware, which dates back to the first millennium BC, as one of the unique works of this collection, and said on its use, “This pottery work is a gray clay. It has a form of a fish bowl and features a folded edge of 6.1 cm in diameter. Its floor has an appendage, which contains a 0.5 cm diameter pore. The object is likely to be placed in a container with water and gauging the amount of time it takes water to enter the container, the spent time would be measured. It should be noted that the residue removal and the strengthening of this exquisite object has recently been done.”
Burial Artifact
The burial artifact is another valuable asset in the collection highlighted by him. This gray container is made of gray clay with elliptical body and downturned brim, with a handle and a small, rounded handle connected from the brim to the shoulder of the artifact, belonging to the Iron Age, the second millennium BC. "The artifact is inspired by the shape of the bird, and its pipe is inspired by the neb of the bird,” says the curator for the artifact gallery of Astan Quds Razavi. “According to ancient beliefs, humans lived after death, and within this container a sum of wheat or other cereals were buried with the dead to meet the basic needs of the other world.”
It should be noted that the visitors every day from 8:00 to 17:45 on weekdays, and on holidays from 8:00 to 12:00 o’clock can visit the artifact gallery of Astan Quds Razavi located on the second floor of the central museum of this holy establishment in the Kowsar Courtyard of the Razavi Holy Shrine.