Well known Scholars, Buried in the Holy Shrine
Mohaghegh Sabzevari – Mohammad Bagher (1017-1090 A.H./1608-1679)
Monday , 03/20/2017 - 12:51
محمدباقرمحقق سبزواری‎
Mullah Mohammad Bagher, son of Mullah Mohammad Momen Khorasani, known as Fazel and Mohaghegh Sabzevari, is one of the main juriesconsults, renowned scholars, and thinkers of the eleventh century AH.
Mullah Mohammad Bagher, son of Mullah Mohammad Momen Khorasani, known as Fazel and Mohaghegh Sabzevari, is one of the main juriesconsults, renowned scholars, and thinkers of the eleventh century AH.
He was born in the year 1017 A.H. /1608 in Namen village of Sabzevar. He spent his youth in Isfahan, and affected by Isfahan School, he mastered two fields of jurisprudence and philosophy. He was one of the companions of Majlesi the first and one of the senior students of Sheikh Bahai; in addition, in theoretical sciences, he was a student of Mirza Abolghasem Fenderski and Ghazi Moez, and narrates from Sheikh Bahai, Seyed Hossein-Ibn Heyder Ali Isfahani, Hassan Qaeni Razavi, and Mulla Hossein-Ali, son of Mulla Abdullah Shoshtari. Mullah Haaj Hossein Neyshabouri Maki, Mullah Mohammed Yusuf Dehkhaarghani Tabrizi and his nephew Agha Jamali khansari (d. 1125 A.H./1713), Molana Muhammad Saeed Roodsari, and Syed Abdulhossein Hosseini Khatoonabadi, author of Vaghaye al-Senin val-Elam, are his disciples, and Agha Hossein Khansari (d. 1099 A.H./1687) has his permission.
Mohaghegh Sabzevari had the position of Sheikh al-Islam and congregational prayer leader in Isfahan for several years from Safavid Shah Suleiman. He was teaching in Mullah Abdullah Shoshtari school and was a like-minded contemporary of Feyz Kashani. In Sha'ban 1068 A.H., Shah Abbas via an order in which he had praised the scientific position of Mohaghegh highly, asked the minister Mostofi al- Saltaneh Isfahani to give some amount to him every year from the funds and products of Dar al-Saltaneh.
Being in charge of political and religious positions and having special and modern thoughts and opinions caused many enemies for Mohaghegh. Maybe that is why Mohaghegh moved from Isfahan to Mashhad. In the year 1083 A.H./1672, he reconstructed Samieiyeh school, known as Bagheriyeh with the endowed money of its benefactor and the effort of Mir Abdulhossein and started teaching there and endowed some books and property to the cause.
He died in Mashhad in the seventh Rabi' al-Awal 1090 A.H./ 1679 and according to his will, was buried in Mirza school, next to the grave of Sheikh Mohammed Ameli and Mullah Mirza Shirvani and the Sheikh’s child. His children, Molana Mohammad Hadi and Molana Mirza Jafar were interested in science.
Mohaghegh was writing poems and created invaluable works during his lifetime. Daf-e Shebh-e  al-Estelzam, Zakhirah al-Ma’ad in explanation of minds’ guidance in jurisprudence, published in 1269 and 1270 A.H./1853, Rowzat al-Anvar Abbasi on kings’ traditions, practical wisdom, and civil politics, treatises on richness and congregational prayer, and practical treatise are his best-known works.
Tabaghat A'lam al-Shiite  (ps:593-597)., Tazkerat al-Ghoboor (p:50), the magazine of historical investigations of the fourth year, the second number, Tazkereh Nasrabadi (p:152), Hazin history and itinerary (p: 317), History of Khorasan scholars (p: 33), Ghesas al-Khaqani (Khaghani stories) (ps: 2/59), A’yan al-Shia (ps:9 -189).